The third International Tribunal for the Rights of Nature took place in Paris in parallel to the UN climate talks. Basing its judgements on the Universal Declaration for the Rights of Mother Earth and international human rights law while recognizing ecocide as a crime, the Tribunal provided a clear direction in each case on who is accountable and on what must be done to repair the harm and restore Earth (and communities) to health and well-being. Indigenous peoples from around the world played a leading role throughout the Tribunal as judges, experts and witnesses. The Tribunal strongly supported keeping fossil fuels in the ground as an essential approach to prevent further harm to Nature.
Special section: cop21