REREADING. Predatory mining in Venezuela: The Orinoco Mining Arc, enclave economies and the National Mining Plan


In recent years, one of the biggest threats to the Venezuelan Amazon and to the Indigenous Peoples who inhabit it has been mining, especially gold mining. From the WRM Bulletin archives, we recommend reading this article published in 2021, written by Emiliano Terano Mantovani, from the Venezuelan Observatory of Political Ecology. It describes the socio-political conditions that have set the stage for mining extractivism, violence and militarization, and the implications of this scenario. Read the article here.